Whether tall or short, blue- or brown-eyed, our genes provide the set of directions to make us each unique. But researchers are learning that genes can be modified by experience and lifestyle. Scientists and physicians hope to one day use genetics to determine the treatments that would work best for each individual.
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CRISPR/Cas Gene Editing: Borrowing Tools from Bacteria
Posted on: March 15, 2016
CRISPR/Cas Gene Editing: Borrowing Tools from Bacteria - CRISPR/CAS GENE EDITING has been called the biggest biotechnology discovery of the century, even though the 21st century is less than two decades old. Laboratories around the world have adopted this technique to edit genes simply, quickly, and inexpensively. It is already revealing new insights in basic science and may eventually be used to fight infectious diseases, genetic disorders, and cancer. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
FASEB Releases Its Newest Publication in the Breakthroughs in Bioscience Series
Posted on: September 08, 2014
Individualized Medicine - Individualized medicine, also known as personalized medicine or genomic medicine, is an approach to medical practice that offers customizable diagnosis and treatment of disease based on one’s genetic make-up. Innovations in individualized medicine come from technological advances that make it feasible to decode a person’s genome. In this article, readers will learn how scientists exploring answers to basic questions about microbes, cancer, the immune system, and other biological processes fostered the current genetic revolution in medicine that is helping physicians find the right treatment for the right patient at the right time. Read more...
Epigenetics: Looking Beyond Our DNA
Posted on: April 30, 2014
Epigenetics: Looking Beyond Our DNA - Our physical appearance and susceptibility to disease were once thought to be hard-wired within our DNA, but now scientists are starting to decipher how biological and environmental factors influence health disease. Epigenetics is a rapidly advancing area of investigation in which changes in gene expression as a result of DNA modifications rather than from changes in the underlying DNA sequence are studied. With support from the National Institutes of Health and other federal agencies, the study of epigenetics has led to the development of therapies for cancer and to a better understanding of disease susceptibility. Read more...
Optogenetics: Illuminating the Brain
Posted on: March 12, 2013
Optogenetics: Illuminating the Brain - Imagine being able to treat and control debilitating neurological disorders with a flash of light! The emerging field of optogenetics represents a promising new approach to the eventual understanding and treatment of a number of devastating neurological and psychiatric disorders. A word first coined in 2006, optogenetics uses light-responsive proteins, genetically introduced into the cells of living organisms, to control the behavior of highly specific cell populations. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
Genetic Research: Mining for Medical Treasures
Posted on: March 15, 2003
Genetic Research: Mining for Medical Treasures - "Knock-out" mice, in which specific genes have been inactivated, have been tremendously useful in helping researchers understand the genetic basis of disease. Moreover, "knock out" mice also serve as animal models for human diseases, allowing researchers to develop treatments and diagnostic tests for genetic diseases. Read more...