New technologies are allowing researchers to peer inside the living body, replicate human organs, unravel the complex connections in the brain, and replace injured bone and tissue. What will tomorrow’s developments make possible?
Liquid Biopsies: A New Way to Diagnose, Understand & Track Cancer
Posted on: November 02, 2017
Liquid Biopsies: A New Way to Diagnose, Understand & Track Cancer - Liquid Biopsy enables clinicians to test DNA shed by dying tumors in human fluids to help track cancer progression. By using this innovative technology, physicians can also create highly individualized treatment plans for specific types of cancer. This process complements existing approaches that use surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy to save lives. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
3D Bioprinting: A New Dimension in Tissue Engineering
Posted on: November 04, 2016
In 1984, Charles Hull patented a process he called “stereolithography.” Now called three-dimensional (3D) printing, this technology has been used to manufacture rocket engines, custom-fit athletic shoes, and other 3D printers. The medical field also has reaped the benefits of 3D printing. Imaging data from computed tomography (CT) scans, ultrasounds, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can produce 3D images on a computer, and precise 3D-printed anatomical models can be used for teaching or to help in surgical planning. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
Regenerative Medicine: Advances from the Convergence of Biology & Engineering
Posted on: November 01, 2016
Throughout history, medical experts have dreamed of healing untreatable wounds, replacing a disfiguring scar with healthy skin, growing replacement lungs in the laboratory, and replacing a leg lost to injury or disease. Today, regenerative medicine has the potential to heal damaged tissues and organs, offering hope for those who have lost organ function due to age, disease, or injuries. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
CRISPR/Cas Gene Editing: Borrowing Tools from Bacteria
Posted on: March 15, 2016
CRISPR/Cas Gene Editing: Borrowing Tools from Bacteria - CRISPR/CAS GENE EDITING has been called the biggest biotechnology discovery of the century, even though the 21st century is less than two decades old. Laboratories around the world have adopted this technique to edit genes simply, quickly, and inexpensively. It is already revealing new insights in basic science and may eventually be used to fight infectious diseases, genetic disorders, and cancer. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
‘Horizons in Bioscience’ Explores Organs-On-a-Chip
Posted on: December 02, 2015
Organs-on-a-chip: The Future of Drug Development and Study of Disease - Imagine if, before you ever took a drug, doctors could predict which drug would work best for you, because they already had information on how organs in your body were likely to respond. Organs-on-a-chip research is bringing that day closer. This emerging technology allows scientists to watch the cascade of events that takes place in organs in response to drugs or during disease. Organs-on-chips are 3-D biochips, no bigger than a computer memory stick, that contain living human cells from an organ or tissue. Engineered in layers and channels, substances such as air or blood can be delivered continuously, and the cells can interface with other living tissues as they do in the body. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
The Human Microbiome: Your Own Personal Ecosystem
Posted on: March 24, 2015
The Human Microbiome: Your Own Personal Ecosystem - For more than three hundred years, scientists have observed, identified, and implicated individual microorganisms in specific diseases. More recently, with a convergence of scientific disciplines, an explosion in technical capabilities and revolutionary new ways of thinking, we are exploring the organisms with which we share our bodies. The effects of these organisms—our microbiome—on our health are only just being recognized. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
Nanomedicine: A Targeted Approach
Posted on: March 12, 2015
Nanomedicine: A Targeted Approach - Nanomedicine is beginning to change the way scientists and physicians diagnose and treat disease. Unlike conventional therapies, these tiny particles – 1,000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair – can seek out diseased tissue and access hard to reach places in the body. This article will provide readers with an understanding of what nanoparticles are, how they specifically target diseased tissue, and how they diagnose and treat some of our most devastating diseases. Read more...
FASEB Releases Its Newest Publication in the Breakthroughs in Bioscience Series
Posted on: September 08, 2014
Individualized Medicine - Individualized medicine, also known as personalized medicine or genomic medicine, is an approach to medical practice that offers customizable diagnosis and treatment of disease based on one’s genetic make-up. Innovations in individualized medicine come from technological advances that make it feasible to decode a person’s genome. In this article, readers will learn how scientists exploring answers to basic questions about microbes, cancer, the immune system, and other biological processes fostered the current genetic revolution in medicine that is helping physicians find the right treatment for the right patient at the right time. Read more...
Optogenetics: Illuminating the Brain
Posted on: March 12, 2013
Optogenetics: Illuminating the Brain - Imagine being able to treat and control debilitating neurological disorders with a flash of light! The emerging field of optogenetics represents a promising new approach to the eventual understanding and treatment of a number of devastating neurological and psychiatric disorders. A word first coined in 2006, optogenetics uses light-responsive proteins, genetically introduced into the cells of living organisms, to control the behavior of highly specific cell populations. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below:
FASEB Releases New Breakthroughs In Bioscience Article Entitled "Spying On Cancer With PET Scans"
Posted on: July 19, 2011
Spying on Cancer with PET Scans - The ability to peer inside the body non-invasively has revolutionized modern medicine. With positron emission tomography (PET), physicians can not only look at the body’s internal structures, but can see the metabolic signs of disease. Download the PDF or listen to the podcast below: